US President Donald Trump has urged Muslim countries to take the lead in combating radicalisation in a major speech in Saudi Arabia.
“Drive them out of this earth,” he told regional leaders in Riyadh, as part of his first official trip abroad.
Mr Trump blamed Iran, Saudi Arabia’s rival, for instability in the region.
His speech is seen as an attempted reset with Muslims after his harsh campaign rhetoric stirred concerns in the Islamic world.
Mr Trump had previously suggested he would be open to creating a database of all the Muslims in the US. And he had also called for Muslims to be temporarily banned from entering the US over security concerns.
But, speaking in the Saudi capital to leaders of 55 Muslim-majority countries, Mr Trump called this a “new chapter”, saying he was not there to “lecture” them or impose the American way of life.
The fight against extremism, he added, was not a battle between different faiths or civilizations: “This is a battle between good and evil”.
“A better future is only possible if your nations drive out the terrorists, and drive out the extremists”.
But, he added, the countries could not wait for “American power” to act, and had to “fulfil their part of the burden”.
He singled out Iran for criticism, accusing it of fuelling sectarian conflict and supporting “unspeakable crimes” by the government of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria.
A tough message: By Frank Gardner, BBC Security correspondent, Riyadh
Behind the lavish praise heaped on his hosts, President Trump used this speech to deliver a tough message to Arab and Muslim governments: deal with the ideology that fuels terrorism now or live with it for generations to come.
He went out of his way to avoid the sort of inflammatory language he’s more usually known for. His repeated condemnation of Saudi Arabia’s regional rival Iran will have pleased the Gulf Arab leaders listening.
Unlike his predecessor, Barack Obama, this US president made no mention of human rights or democracy. But he did condemn the oppression of women.
And amongst several cynical reactions to the speech from around the region on social media, some have pointed out that here in Saudi Arabia women are forbidden to drive and there are no parliamentary elections. In Iran, the country accused by Mr Trump of being behind much of the current terrorism across the Middle East, they have just had a free election and women are free to drive.
Analysts said the speech was a change for Mr Trump, who is trying to redefine his relationship with the Muslim world after several controversial remarks, including an interview last year in which he famously said: “I think Islam hates us.”
His highly anticipated address did not include the phrase “radical Islamic terrorism”, which he had used before and is considered offensive by many Muslims. A transcript of the text published on his Facebook page included a mention of “Islamist extremism” and “Islamist terror groups”.
But in his speech Mr Trump said: “That means honestly confronting the crisis of Islamic extremism and the Islamists and Islamic terror of all kinds.” It was not immediately clear if he stumbled over the word or decided to change the script.
Islamist and Islamic: The difference
Islamist: “It’s the name of a dystopian ideology which is destructive for everyone, including Muslims,” says Soner Cagaptay, from the Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Islamic: “It’s an adjective for Muslims,” he adds
Meanwhile, the US and six Gulf states announced a deal to co-ordinate their efforts aimed at cutting off sources of money for extremist groups, including so-called Islamic State (IS).
The countries – Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain – are involved in the fight against the militants, but have been accused of backing the group and other Sunni militants – most notably in a 2014 email by Hillary Clinton released by Wikileaks.
“The unique piece of it is that every single one of them are signatories on how they’re responsible and will actually prosecute the financing of terrorism, including individuals,” said Dina Powell, US Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategy.
Zannah Mustapha has been mediating between the government and militants for the release of the Chibok girls and for an end to the Boko Haram insurgency.
In 2015, President Muhammadu Buhari told the media that his government was willing to negotiate with “credible” leaders of Boko Haram for the release of the girls.
More than 200 of them were abducted a year earlier from the north-eastern town of Chibok, sparking global outrage.
Previous attempts had failed, with different groups coming forward, each claiming to be the militants in possession of the missing schoolgirls.
It was Mr Mustapha who succeeded in convincing the Nigerian authorities that this particular group should be taken for what they say, presidential spokesman Garba Shehu told me.
57-year-old Zannah Mustapha arrived for the handover of the 82 Chibok girls freed from Boko Haram after three years in captivity, a militant read out the girls’ names from a list.
One by one, the abducted schoolgirls, now women, lined up along the outskirts of a forest near Kumshe town, on the border between Nigeria and Cameroon. Each of them was covered from head to ankle in a dark-coloured hijab.
“I went ahead of the Red Cross. The militants brought the girls to me,” said Mr Mustapha, the lawyer from Borno state in north-east Nigeria.
Mr Mustapha’s role as a mediator dates back to his founding the Future Prowess Islamic Foundation School in 2007, to provide free Islamic-based education to orphans and the poor.
When the Boko Haram insurgency erupted in 2009, the school offered admission to the children of soldiers and government officials killed by the militants, as well as those of militants killed by the state.
During the previous government of President Goodluck Jonathan, former President Olusegun Obasanjo visited Maiduguri, the epicentre of the insurgency, to intervene in the escalating crisis.
He then set up a group to discuss peace with Boko Haram. Mr Mustapha was included in it because of the relationship he had forged with the families of Boko Haram militants.
After the Swiss ambassador to Nigeria paid a visit to the Future Prowess school in 2012, he arranged for Mr Mustapha to go to Zurich and Geneva to receive formal training as a mediator.
“We were already trying to negotiate peace with Boko Haram before the Chibok girls were kidnapped,” Mr Mustapha said.
The initial negotiation was for a batch of 20 Chibok girls to be released.
But, as a sign of commitment to their relationship, Boko Haram added an extra woman, whom Mr Mustapha said was their gift to him, hence the number 21.
The Kaduna State Government has ordered an investigation into the e discovery of five locally made AK 47 rifles and a magazine in a car that was involved in an accident last week.
Samuel Aruwan, Spokesperson to Governor El-Rufai disclosed this in a statement.
The fatal accident, involving two vehicles, occurred on the 12th May, 2017 at Mazuga, Kachia local government area.
According to Aruwan, the government has received a briefing on the acciednt from the Kaduna State Sector Command of the Federal Road Safety Corps.
Following the briefing, security agencies were charged to ensure thorough investigation and diligent prosecution.
The statement reads:
“On 15th May 2017, the Kaduna State Government received a brief from the Kaduna State Sector Command of the Federal Road Safety Corp on the discovery of a weapons in a car that had been involved in an accident. The government has therefore directed a thorough investigation of the matter.”
“According to the Sector Head of Operation, Salisu D. Galadanci. The FRSC on 12th May, 2017 at about 1607 hours received information of an accident at Mazuga, KM10, Kachia-Kafanchan road and it quickly proceeded to the scene to rescue the victims.”
“On reaching the scene, some people around the area had already started helping by bringing the victims out from the accident’s vehicles. Two vehicles were involved, an Audi Salon car AG 60MKR, one Opel Vectra car without registration. Of the seven persons involved in the accident, three died while four persons were rescued. Five locally-made AK47 rifles and a magazine were also recovered from the Audi car.”
“The driver of the Audi, Mr. Sabo Goni, was among the rescued accident victims. All the victims were rushed to Kachia Hospital.The Kachia Divisional Police Officer, CSP Faruk Umar, was alerted about the discovery of five rifles in the Audi car. The recovered arms have since been handed over to Kachia DPO for further investigation.”
“The Kaduna State Government commends Mazuga community for reporting the matter to security agencies and for preserving the recovered arms till the arrival of security agencies.”
The House of Representatives has urged the Inspector-General of Police (IGP) to ensure that officers and men of the force dress in uniform whenever they are on highway patrol duty.
The call was sequel to a unanimous adoption of a motion by Rep. Ajisafe Olowookere (Ondo-APC) at the plenary on Thursday.
Moving the motion earlier, Olowookere said that being properly dressed was necessary to prevent identity crisis and also portray the force as a disciplined organisation.
He said that the uniform was equally important given the worrisome spate of insecurity in the country, with spiralling incidents of kidnappings and armed robberies on the highways.
Olowookere said that the Police was a regimented organisation that had official uniform and a dress code.
He stated that it was necessary to deploy policemen on highways to curtail crimes, but insisted that they must be dressed in uniform.
According to him, the practice of policemen on highway patrol wearing mufti constitutes an embarrassment, both to the force and the nation.
The lawmaker said that being in mufti could cause unsuspecting motorists to fall victims to armed robbers, who could disguise as policemen since there would be nothing to distinguish them from the robbers.
In his contribution, Rep. Nkem Abonta (Abia-PDP) said that policemen were sometimes victims of attacks and kidnapping, hence the need to dress in mufti.
He added that sometimes men of the force would need to undertake undercover operations which required them to wear mufti.
Abonta also stated that it was necessary that the House found out the reason some policemen on highway duties avoid proper uniform.
According to him, the house will be shocked to discover that some policemen will not have received uniforms in the past five years in spite of budgetary allocation.
In his ruling, the Speaker of the House, Mr Yakubu Dogara, mandated the Committee on Police Affairs to ensure that police authorities heeded the call.
Mrs Julie Okah-Donli, the Director-General of National Agency for the prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), on Thursday called for the arrest and prosecution of foreign-based human trafficking rings and mafia across the globe.
Okah-Donli made the call when she received a delegation from the Spanish embassy led by Mr Raphael Mouib in Abuja.
She explained that the activities of such foreign based traffickers had constituted major threat to the global anti-human trafficking efforts.
The NAPTIP Boss specifically tasked members of the European Union and other international organisations to provide useful intelligence on the operations base and location of the human trafficking “lords” for the purpose of bursting their rings for prosecution.
The director-general told the visiting envoys that blowing the lead off the European-based human trafficking barons who have continuously mounted pressure on their home-based pimps for massive recruitment of victims would be a major boost to the current onslaught on human traffickers.
According to her, “the arrest and prosecution of those human traffickers that are based in any of the European countries is very crucial to our latest efforts to end human trafficking in Nigeria.
“We are imploring you to join hands with the Government of Nigeria and precisely NAPTIP in the area of intelligence sharing aimed at exposing those foreign based human trafficking madams who are believed to be behind the exploitation of our youths.
“We want them to be exposed and made to face the wrath of the law, this is one of the ways of ensuring success of the latest fight against human trafficking”.
Mouib had earlier said they visited NAPTIP to brief the management on the scope and the implementation strategy of the 11th European Development Fund project.
The leader of the delegation also said that they were at the agency to intimate it of the plans to commence the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) project, which was designed to address some of the human trafficking issues in the country.
According to him, the main objective of the project was to reduce Trafficking In Persons (TIP) and smuggling of migrants (SOM) at national and regional level, and between Nigeria and the European Union (EU) continues with specific emphasis on women and children.
He disclosed that there would be various components of the project which would be managed by the International and Iberoamericana Foundation for Administration of Public Policies (FIIAPP) include capacity building for Officers of the Agency in the areas of investigation and prosecution as well as awareness creation.